The swamp cypress, Taxodium distichum, is a reliable species for producing russet autumn tones.
Taxodium distichum, is a native of the United States, where it grows in swampy forests, or river margins. It is typically a pyramidal or conical tree, and can reach 50m in height. It thrives in wet conditions, but will tolerate ordinary soil. Our tree has developed knuckle-like protruberances at the base of the stem. These are known as pneumatophores, and are adapted aerial roots. It is one of only a handful of deciduous conifers, and it takes on warm, russet colours before defoliating. It was introduced into western gardens in the early 1600’s.